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Sex between men

Sexually transmitted diseases and unprotected sex

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) spread mainly as a result of unprotected sexual intercourse, whether it’s anal, oral or vaginal sex. They often progress without symptoms or complaints.

The easiest way to protect yourself and your partner from STDs and HIV is to use a condom. Therefore, a condom should always be used when having anal sex. You can also use protection to make oral sex safer.

You can contract several STDs at the same time. Many of them can be easily treated if detected in time.

Some STDs can be prevented by vaccination.

If you’re in a sexual relationship with another man, you should vaccinate yourself against viral hepatitis A and B, because:

  • Hepatitis B spreads during sexual intercourse.
  • Hepatitis A spreads upon contact with faeces during oral and anal sex.

Untreated STDs can affect overall health and cause chronic prostatitis and infertility.

  • The symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhoea are urination difficulties and pain during urination.
  • In the case of mycoplasmosis, irritation in the urethra occurs in addition to the symptoms of gonorrhoea.
  • Trichomoniasis is characterised by mucous discharge from the urethra.
  • Small, painful ulcers that disappear on their own are a symptom of syphilis. The pathogens that cause syphilis may damage various organs if the condition is left untreated.
  • Hepatitis causes inflammation or necrosis of the liver.
  • HIVis a chronic viral infection that is transmitted during unprotected sexual intercourse and that increases the body susceptibility to other infectious diseases. There is no cure for HIV, but medicines can keep the infection under control.

Read more about the spread of STDs, symptoms and treatment options.